Mohamed Bouazizi

Mohamed Bouazizi was a Tunisian street vendor who set himself on fire to complain about the government and his humiliation. Due to this, Arabian spring started and Ben Ali step down 14 January 2011 after 23 years in the power.

Bouazizi is called “the father of Arabian Spring” and in 2011 he received the Sàjarov award which recognised his role in the Arabian Spring.

Laura Paúl

The Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan, officially known as the European Recovery Program, was the American program established in 1947 and developed to aidEurope, which was destroyed by the Second World War that ended in 1945.United Statesgave economic support to sixteen nations in order to help them to rebuild the continent and, also, to fight against the increasing Soviet communism. Countries likeFrance,Italy,BelgiumandGermanyreceived food, fuel, machinery and, later, there was investment in the European industry; for four years, Marshall Plan sent aid valued at $ 13 billion. However, not all the countries received this help: Soviet Union and its allies didn’t accept it, andUnited Statesdidn’t offer the program toJapanbecause they weren’t interested in that country. Spain, although it didn’t participate in the Second World War, received some help from the Marshall Plan, due to the fact that Franco’s regime was considered as a guarantee that communism wouldn’t spread in that zone.

The program was named like the Secretary of the State, George Marshall, created by the State Department, and approved by the president of theUnited States, Harry S. Truman.

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org

http://es.wikipedia.org

http://www.marshallfoundation.org/TheMarshallPlan.htm

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/marshall_plan/

This is an image of president Truman signing the agreement:

Image source: http://www.historiasiglo20.org/IMAG/13gf-1945-1948.htm

An image of George Marshall:

Image source: http://coldwaralcala.wordpress.com/plan-marshall/

Image source: http://www.historiasiglo20.org/IMAG/15gf-1945-1948.htm

VIDEO

Europe in ruins and the Marshall Plan:

Marshall Plan:

What was the European Marshall Plan? 1:

What was the European Marshall Plan? 2

Accessed on 20/12/2011

Paola Casetta Monteagudo – Group 8

Cairo’s Tahir Square

Cairo’s Tahir Square is packed with people who are praying with the threat of continued violence hanging in the air. More than 40 have died in a few days. Angry protesters are demanding a civilian government. It comes as a former Prime Minister in the Mubarak regime agrees to form a new cabinet, after Egypt’s ruling military council asked him to lead a national government.

Laura Paúl

Tunisian video

i

I’m the voice of the uprisers

I’m the right of the oppressed

They took away our rights and shut the door on us
What are they thinking? We are not afraid
I am the voice of the uprisers who are not afraid, our voice will not die
I am the voice of the uprisers who are not afraid, i am free and my word is free
Don’t forget the rights of our bread, don’t forget the igniter of this story/revolution (Mohammed Bouazizi)
I am the voice of the free, i am the voice of the uprisers, our voice will not die
I’m the voice of the uprisers who are not afraid
I’m the secret of the red rose (Tunisia), the people who felt and mourned for her for years and rose up with fire

These are the lyrics that Amel Mathlouthi sang on one of the manifestations against Ben Ali’s dictatorial regimen. In Tunisia, where the Arabian Spring began, Ben Ali has been the leader for 23 years.

With these words recaiming more freedom of expression and more dignity and food for the population, we can see the singer surrounded by a lot of people that is shouting for them to be heard by the government, but we can also see the respect of the people who is closer to her, because they want peace and they have also respect to the silence and the words of the others. This revolution hasn’t been a violent movement, it has been a hard reclaim to the governments and it has had very good effects in many countries. In Tunisia, acts like this one forced Ben Ali to run away of his country.

Beatriz Aparicio Vinacua

Objectives of the European Union.

The European Union (EU) is a political community constituted as an international organization whose aim is to promote integration and a common government of the European people and countries.
According to the Article 3 of the European Union Treaty, Union’s aim is to promote peace, its values ​​and the well-being of its peoples. It is based on the values ​​of freedom, democracy, equality, law enforcement and respect for human rights and dignity.
The Union’s mission:
– Establishing an area of ​​freedom, security and justice without internal borders.
– Developing an internal market where competition is free, within the framework of a social economy market whose aim is full employment.

– Creating a sustainable development with an economic growth capable of fulfilling the well-being needs of our society in the short, medium and, especially, long term.
– Promoting scientific and technical progress.
– Fighting against social exclusion and discrimination. Promoting social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and, protection of children’s rights.
– Promoting economical, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity among Member States.

Also, the European Union aims to respect its cultural richness and linguistic diversity (23 official languages) and, to ensure the conservation and development of European cultural heritage.

Image source; http://sugerenciasgeografiahumana.blogspot.com/

http://www.carm.es/web/pagina?IDCONTENIDO=2787&IDTIPO=11&RASTRO=c764$m2574

Written by: Carolina Aznar

Accessed on 20/12/11

European Union countries.

Europe comprises twenty-seven countries, which are:
• Founders countries (1952): Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Netherlands
• 1973: Ireland, Denmark and the UK.
• 1981: Greece.
• 1986: Spain and Portugal.
• 1995: Austria, Finland and Sweden.
• 2004: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.
• 2007: Bulgaria and Romania.
• Other countries: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus.
• Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Norway, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Switzerland, Ukraine and the State of Vatican City.
• Candidate Countries to join the EU: Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro, Turkey.

Any European country that respects liberty, democracy, law, human rights and fundamental freedoms, can apply to join the EU. Those requirements were set out in the Treaty on European Union (Article 6, Article 49)
According to the so-called “Copenhagen criteria”, introduced in December 1993 in Copenhagen by the European Council, all candidate must have:

– Stable institutions that can guarantee democracy, the performance of law, human rights and respect of minorities.

– A stable market economy that can cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union.

– The ability to assume the obligations imposed by the Union and, the capability to subscribe to the political, economical and monetary union objectives.

Madrid’s European Council sets that any candidate must be able to enforce the rules and procedures of theUnion. They also must create accurate conditions for their integration through the adjustment of their administrative structures.

http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/the-policy/conditions-for-enlargement/index_es.htm

http://europa.eu/about-eu/countries/index_es.htm

accessed on: 20 – 12 – 2011

Written by Carolina Aznar

The Treaty of Rome

 

Treaty of Rome was an International agreement signed by Belgium, Italy, France, Luxembourg, West Germanyand the Netherlands, that lead to the European Economic Communityin 1958. They were ratified by the National Parlament of every state after they were signed on 25 March 1957. Its official name was Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, but it changed to  Treaty on the functioning of the European Union by successive treaties. This agreement became one of the most important of the Treaties of the European Union with the Treaty on European Union, the Euratom Treaty and the  Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

The EEC is also known as the “Common Market” because it meant a free circulation of goods inEurope. The country members of the organization dismantled the tariffs that were protecting their markets and it was established an external common tariff for thememberState’s products. The EEC also created the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), which manages the agricultural subsidies and programmes of the European Union.

Sources: http://www.historiasiglo20.org/europe/traroma.htm

http://www.es.wikipedia.org

http://www.es.wikipedia.org

http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/institutional_affairs/treaties/treaties_eec_en.htm

http://www.austrianinformation.org/may-june-2007/2007/6/26/fifty-years-of-the-treaty-of-rome.html

The signing of the Treaty of Rome:

Antonio Segni and Gaetano Martino signing the Treaty of Rome.

Image source: http://theitalywiki.com/index.php/European_Union

Image of the Treaty of Rome in its 50th anniversary.

Image source: http://www.eurunion.org/50/50thAnnivHighlights.htm

VIDEO

Official video from EESC – Treaty of Rome: 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ptJqwWqKq4M

EuroNews – EN – Europeans: The Treaty of Rome is nearly…:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNJO469w3cA

Paola Casetta – Group 8