American World War II Weapons

American WW2 Weapons

By Luis Calles Anglada

The United States held out of the war as long as it could. When Japan attacked the base at Pearl Harbor, the U.S. officially entered the war as one of the three Allies. The United States used various weapons of choice throughout their stay in the war. Some of the more common weapons are listed below.

Pistols and Handguns:

  • M1917 RevolverM1917 Revolver
  • Smith & Wesson M&P
  • Colt M1911/A1
  • Colt General Officer’s Model (only issued to General Officers)

Rifles:

  • M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle
  • M1 Garand
  • M1 Carbine
  • M1903 SringfieldM2 Browning Maching Gun

Machine Guns:

  • Browning M1919 Medium Machine Gun
  • Browning M1917A1 Heavy Machine Gun
  • Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun

Submachine Guns:

  • Thompson M1928, M1928A1, M1, M1A1
  • M3/A1 ‘Grease Gun’

Anti-Tank Weapons:

  • M1/A1 “Bazooka” Soliders with the Bazooka

Grenades:

  • MK2 Fragmentation Hand Grenade

I also found an interesting documentary about weird weapons the allies used in the World War II:

Part one

Part two

Part three

Part four

Part five

The battle of the Bulge

THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE

Posted by Mikel Merino

The Battle of the Bulge, fought over the winter months of 19441945, was the last major Nazi offensive against the Allies in World War Two. The battle was a last ditch attempt by Hitler to split the Allies in two in their drive towards Germany and destroy their ability to supply themselves.

The Battle of the Bulge started on December 16th 1944. Hitler had convinced himself that the alliance between Britain, France and America in the western sector of Europe was not strong and that a major attack and defeat would break up the alliance. Therefore, he ordered a massive attack against what were primarily American forces. The attack is strictly known as the Ardennes Offensive but because the initial attack by the Germans created a bulge in the Allied front line, it has become more commonly known as the Battle of the Bulge.

Hitler and the occultism

Do you like Indiana Jones movies?

To find the original ideas for the movies, George Lucas used some urban legends about some hidden preferences of the Führer like Holy Grail and Ark of the covenant…

Some researchers suggest that Hitler did not follow esoteric ideas, occultism, or Ariosophy, and Hitler does ridicule such beliefs in Mein Kampf.

Others have suggested that Hitler’s views, particularly on race, had been strongly influenced by works that promulgated a mystical superiority of the Germans; these works included the occult and antisemitic magazine Ostara,whose publisher Lanz von Liebenfels claimed that Hitler had visited him in 1909 and had praised his work.

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke considers his account reliable, Brigitte Hamman leaves the question open and Ian Kershaw, although questioning the degree to which Hitler was influenced by it, notes that, “Most likely, Hitler did read Ostara, along with other racist pulp which was prominent on Vienna newspaper stands.”

Kershaw notes that it is usually accepted that Hitler did read and was influenced by this occult publication, pointing to Hitler’s account of his conversion to antisemitism after reading antisemitic pamphlets.

Posted By Saúl Gallego. alu.08310

The decline of the Weimar Republic

When Hitler became the Reich Chancellor there were five parties in Germany: the Social Democratic, the Center, the Communist, the German National and the Nationalist, who had thousand of members by then. In the elections of 5th of March, 1933, the rest of the political forces were very important among the electorate.

Despite the terror broken out during the electoral campaign, the party headed by Adolf Hitler obtained the 43.9% of votes (in the past elections the resulting party had obtained the 44.62%). This did not prevent him from passing a law four months later, in July, which said categorically: “In Germany there will be no more parties than the German working class’ National Socialist Party”.

How did Hitler manage to become the Reich Chancellor with those results? The most common or easiest answer: by using terror. However, this is not the only answer, since it has to be also taken into account the lack of unity and the distancing suffered by the parties who did not manage to forget the differences and become closer when the danger represented by the Nazi Party was already very serious.

Election results from 5th of March, 1933.

Posted By Arthur Moles. alu.16206

Jokes in III Reich

Here we have some jokes that went around during Nazi Germany’s Third Reich:

1. Who was the first SS militant? – Joseph! Because the Bible says: “Joseph wore uniform and he thought he was better than his brothers”

2. The imperial eagle must stop being a German heraldic symbol, because it is black and bears a Jewish name. It must be replaced by a kangaroo, which is dun and jumps with an empty pouch.

3. Two men go past a cross. “Heil Hitler”, says one of them. The other tells him off, “In these cases you must say: Praise be to God!” The first of them looks at him in surprise and says: “You must say that when the crucified one is Hitler”.

4. How is it supposed to be the ideal German? – Blond like Hitler, tall like Goebbels, slender like Göring and chaste like Röhm.

5. What’s the difference between a military maneuver and a SS maneuver? – The military say “Take aim! Fire!” The SS ask: “Who’s in for the fire?”

The German told these and many other jokes in order to make their lives more bearable in those hard times. Although they had to be very careful who they told them, since they did not know who was listening to. The denunciations were the order of the day and you must be very careful what you said.  

Posted By Daniel Marcén alu.15945

The Bombing Of Dresden

On the 13th February 1945, the allies decided to realize a bombing to the city of Dresden (Germany). That day a number of 773 Avro Lancaster (England bombers of the RAF) bombed Dresden. During the next two days the USAAF (United States Army Force) sent over 527 heavy bombers to follow up the RAF (Royal Air Force) attack. Dresden was nearly totally destroyed. As a result of the firestorm it was afterwards impossible to count the number of victims.

The real reasons to justify that operation are difficult to assimilate. The city of Dresden didn’t have military forces or military factories. Also, this city didn’t constitute any obstacle to the ally advance.

By February 1945, Dresden was filled with refugees – people moving from east to west in an attempt to escape the advancing Red Army. In addition, in Dresden, there were more than 26.000 ally prisoners.

Historically, Dresden had been northern Germany’s cultural centre, a city filled with museums and historic buildings.

As the Russians advanced to Berlin from the east and the Allies from the west, why was Dresden bombed when it did appear that the war would be ended in the near future?

The truly reason is that allied forces had promised to Stalin the destruction of Dresden, not only as a sing of solidarity with soviets but also as exhibition of the enormous power of the allied forces.

In spite of it was difficult to count the number of victims, recent research suggests that 35,000 were killed, but some German sources have argued that it was over 100,000. If German sources are true that would be more people that people who died in Hiroshima or Nagasaki.

Bibliography:

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/bombing_of_dresden.htm

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWdresden.htm

http://www.exordio.com/1939-1945/civilis/vdomestica/dresden.html

http://www.generalisimofranco.com/OPINION/117.htm

Posted By Juan Lopez Moreno, alu.13671