American WW2 Weapons
By Luis Calles Anglada
The United States held out of the war as long as it could. When Japan attacked the base at Pearl Harbor, the U.S. officially entered the war as one of the three Allies. The United States used various weapons of choice throughout their stay in the war. Some of the more common weapons are listed below.
Pistols and Handguns:
- M1917 Revolver
- Smith & Wesson M&P
- Colt M1911/A1
- Colt General Officer’s Model (only issued to General Officers)
- M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle
- M1 Garand
- M1 Carbine
- M1903 Sringfield
- Browning M1919 Medium Machine Gun
- Browning M1917A1 Heavy Machine Gun
- Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun
- Thompson M1928, M1928A1, M1, M1A1
- M3/A1 ‘Grease Gun’
- M1/A1 “Bazooka”
- MK2 Fragmentation Hand Grenade
I also found an interesting documentary about weird weapons the allies used in the World War II:
THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE
Posted by Mikel Merino
The Battle of the Bulge, fought over the winter months of 1944 – 1945, was the last major Nazi offensive against the Allies in World War Two. The battle was a last ditch attempt by Hitler to split the Allies in two in their drive towards Germany and destroy their ability to supply themselves.
The Battle of the Bulge started on December 16th 1944. Hitler had convinced himself that the alliance between Britain, France and America in the western sector of Europe was not strong and that a major attack and defeat would break up the alliance. Therefore, he ordered a massive attack against what were primarily American forces. The attack is strictly known as the Ardennes Offensive but because the initial attack by the Germans created a bulge in the Allied front line, it has become more commonly known as the Battle of the Bulge.
Last 5th May in Perth, Australia, Claude Choules died at the age of 110. He was the last living man who participated in the First World War and the Second World War. At the time of his death, he was also the third oldest verified military veteran in the world.
“He was born in Pershore, England, on 3th March 1901. When he was fourteen, he decided to leave school to take part into the nautical training ship TS Mercury (He got to be there thanks to his father). Not until 1917 did he join the battleship HMS Revenge, which was the flagship of the First Battle Squadron.
During the Second World War, Choules was the Acting Torpedo Officer based at Fremantle, Western Australia, and also served as the Chief Demolition Officer on the western side of the Australian continent.”
Here I attach a report about this marvellous man’s life.
Rest in peace, Mr. Choules.
Posted and edited by: Carolina Flores
The Berlin Wall was a massive cement wall built after World War II (August 1961) between West andEast Europe. Bolchevique ideology inEast GermanyandEuropelead to unhappiness, and this triggered a mass displacement of people to the west side. Soviets built it and equipped it with weapons and wire fences, and killed anyone who attempted to cross it. This spread families and friends apart. The tense situation lasted long, and finally in November 1989, the wall, and its entire symbolic halo, was taken down.
Author: Néstor Rubio
Tony Vaccaro, American photographer, took this photograph in 1948. It shows some Jewish immigrants in a train which goes fromBrementoBremerhaven, part of the long journey toUSA.
After World War II, thousands of Jewish survivors wanted to start a new life. As they got out of concentration camps and refuges, they found nowhere to live inEurope, so they had to find somewhere outside its frontiers. Most of the Jews immigrated toPalestineandUSA, butIsraelbecame one of the most popular destinations from its beginnings in 1948.
Countries such asUSA,Canada,AustraliaandArgentinaestablished migration programs. They were convenient for them, as they needed to increase their population and workers in order to take advantage of the post-war economic boom. One of the slogans that was commonly used was “populate or perish”. In their migration programs, they favoured European immigrants rather than others who came from other parts of the world.
In 1948, the US Congress proclaimed a law which allowed 400,000 displaced people to enter the country. 20% of them were Jewish. They influenced American culture and economics, including marketing and business areas.
From my point of view, immigration was the only solution that most people had and, due to that fact,Europelost population and an important cultural source.
On the 9th of May 1950, the French (Foreign Minister) Robert Schuman gave a speech, which was later known as the Schuman Declaration. It is considered as a precursor of the European Union. His main objective was to create an “organization of United European States” by proposing to submit the coal and steel of France and Germany (and the other countries that would like to join the organization) to a common administration, the so called “High Authority”, and establishing a territory which allowed the free movement of people, capital and merchandise: The Schuman Declaration gave birth to the European Coal and Steel Comunnity.
Schuman’s proposal made another world war impossible.It encouraged countries to be peacefull. Moreover, it meant the world’s first supranational institution and the birth ofEurope; that’s why Schuman is considered as one of the Founding Fathers of the European Union, and the 9th of May is celebrated every year as “Europe Day”.
These are two pictures of Robert Schuman during the speech, inParis:
60 years of the Schuman Declaration – The birth of United Europe:
Image source: http://www.europeanclubeuropeo.net/EuropadAmare/dichiarazione_en.html
Schuman Declaration: http://www.elcorreo.com/videos/tus-videos/varios/1010166606001-padres-europa-schuman.html
In 1946, the British politician Winston Churchill, gave an speech at theUniversityofZurichaboutEurope’s situation. Some historians consider this speech the beginning of the European Union, others, the beginning of Cold War.
This speech has passed to history as the “Iron Curtain” speech. If we want to find the reason why the speech is known like this is because, at one point of the speech, Churchill’s says that “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central an Eastern Europe.” With this speech Winston Churchill was encouragingEurope to create an union between European countries.
As I look on it, this speech was made for trying to convince European countries of the danger that Rusia was.
Here you can listen to the whole original speech:
Image source: http://www.movimientoeuropeo.org/area-ie/cronologia.php
Author: Mireya Vicent